Alopecia areata is a condition associated with hair loss in round patches. Hair loss can occur on the scalp, or anywhere on the body. The bald patches are usually smooth and round in shape, and may be associated with itching or burning sensation. The condition can affect both genders and occur in different forms such as:
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease where the immune system mistakenly destroys healthy hair follicles. It can occur after a major illness, trauma or pregnancy.
The condition is diagnosed with blood tests to identify the underlying autoimmune condition. Your doctor may also advise a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
Mild hair loss due to alopecia areata usually does not require treatment. Hair usually grows back after a few months. For more severe cases, some of the most commonly used treatments include: